10 Facts about Hannibal Barca that you didn’t know
Hannibal Barca, also known as Carthaginian general Hannibal was born in North Africa in 247 B.C. Barca, a Punic military general from Carthage, is usually viewed as one of the best military commanders in the history of the world. Born into a Carthaginian military family, he had to vow menacing vibe toward Rome. Prior to the arrival of Hannibal, Carthaginian and Rome were rivals to each other. The initial dispute between the Carthage and the Romans led to the very first Punic war inside Sicily. The war between Rome and Carthaginian went on for more than 20 years, and then Carthaginian gave up on Rome. The war was primarily for the trade domination over Mediterranean.
As the time passed by, Hannibal was handed an authority of a military and straight away made to negotiate Carthaginian influence over Iberia; all at the age of 26. He wedded with an Iberian princess – Imilce; defeated and also partnered with many Iberian tribes. He created his new home base – the seaport of Qart Hadasht which today is known as Cartagena. In 219 B.C., Hannibal invaded the city of Saguntum that incited Rome’s anger resulting in the Second Punic War.
Now, let’s take a brief look at Hannibal Barca’s life journey and scan through the 10 most unknown things about this incredible man in the history.
1 Hannibal’s Appearance
Hannibal had a captivating personality. The man was always in perfect shape. The Clean-shaven, tall and athletic commander was also a dauntless rider and an exceptional swordsman. On top of all that, he was quite attractive too. His appearance revealed his Phoenician bloodlines with a little snared nose, dark eyes and curly hair. Unfortunately, he lost one of his eyes in his combat against Rome.
2 A war genius
No labor could ever wear out his body or make up for his spirit. Hannibal was able to withstand cold and heat both, and his awesome intake of drink and food was influenced by natural need – not by entertainment and pleasures. His times during wake and sleep just weren’t driven by day or night. As soon as a task was accomplished, he tended to give other time to the rest, however he didn’t engage in the pleasures on comfortable surroundings. Most people usually consider him to be laying on the soil tied up merely in a military dress among the outposts of his troopers.
3 Hannibal the conqueror
Hannibal’s journey of being a conqueror started off as a commander-in-chief of the Carthaginian army in 221 BC. Just at the age of 26, he was handed with such a power following the murder of Hasdrudal. Hannibal was clearly a perfect commander and a conqueror with an incredible militaristic strategy. His courageous endeavor to combat against the Rome with such a fantastic plan of action has made him one of the best military commanders in the historical past of the ancient times.
4 Hannibal’s Rome Travel
Hannibal walked through the Pyrenees in the direction of Gaul taking with him at least 100,000 soldiers and almost 40 war elephants at the end of 218 B.C. The Roman commander Publius Cornelius Scipio tried to encounter him right at the Rhone River; however Hannibal as of then had surpassed it and was already on his path to the Alps which is in the Southern France today. Over 5 months faraway from Cartagena, on the fifteenth day of the crossing over, Hannibal eventually exited the mountains with only 37 elephants, 6,000 cavalry and 20,000 infantries. Hannibal’s Alps voyage was, nonetheless, a phenomenal militaristic accomplishment. Hannibal was living on top of a terrific pressure in the Mediterranean, when the Roman Republic set up its dominance over some other high forces like Carthage and the Hellenistic kingdoms of Syracuse, the Seleucid Empire and Macedon.
5 Alps Crossing and Attacks
Along the voyage to Rome, Hannibal’s troop had to face several assaults from different local tribes. Not to mention a severe weather condition made the situation much worse. Hannibal’s troop met with guerrilla attacks from native tribes who threw hefty rocks all over their way. Toward the end of the Alps, there seemed to be a pit obstructing their path. So, Hannibal made use of firewood and wine to get rid of the blockade by burning the layer at the base of the pit, which smashed the pit into pieces and freed their route. Just after traversing the Alps, Hannibal arrived at the place that was colonized by the Gauls. As Guals despised Romans, they merrily welcomed Hannibal.
6 The Second Punic War
For the three consecutive years, Hannibal’s military fought Scipio’s troops to get the hold of Italian land. In the meantime, Rome sent armies to North Africa and Iberia raiding Carthaginian villages and towns. After that, Hannibal left his Roman campaign behind and took a trip back to fight for his own country once again in 203 B.C. His major accomplishment in the second Punic is so noteworthy that it has been recalled through the entire history.
7 Hannibal Bacra Elephants Trumpet
The Romans made use of trumpets to frighten the elephants of the Carthaginian military during the War of Zama. The frightened elephants stampeded and wiped out a majority of the Carthaginian soldiers. In 202 B.C., the soldiers of Hannibal and Scipio came right across the War of Zama, where in contrast to the earlier encounters, the Romans possessed more power. They made use of trumpets to flee the rest of the very few elephants that circled straight back and trampled the Carthaginian soldiers. Hannibal’s armed force was dispersed and a lot of his troopers had been slowly sought and slaughtered by the Romans.
8 A Statesman
The Carthaginians and Romans treaty on peace turned out to be very challenging to the Carthaginians, badly cutting their soldiers out and removing huge reparations. Immediately after becoming a chief magistrate, Hannibal put in all his efforts in politics to a great extent in Carthage for the next ten years. Due to Hannibal’s engagement in national politics, the Romans became worried, particularly as he was rising in popularity. So they asked for the retirement of Hannibal in 195 BC. To make certain that wouldn’t happen; Hannibal set up elections for the panel of adjudicators in military and modified provisions of office from everyday life for two years in his time.
9 Turkey Stay
A few years later, Hannibal went to live in Ephesus, Turkey where he turned into a militaristic consultant to the Turkish. In 190 BC, Hannibal was made in charge of Greek soldiers – Seleucid, and sent to battle up against a Roman state – Pergamon. Sadly, Hannibal’s military was beaten down. Thus, soon after the defeat, Hannibal ran away to Bithynia. The Romans had ordered that Hannibal be returned to them but the great warrior was determined not to ever fall into rival’s hands, so he fled.
10 Hannibal’s Death
Later after that incident, one more time Hannibal resisted to get seized at Libyssa in 183 BC. Consuming a vial of poison, Hannibal then took his own life at Libyssa, close to the Bosporus Straits the same year.