Top 10 Popular Ancient China Cloths

Cloths were not only to cover the body in ancient China. It was a symbol of their dignity and respect. Poor people were hemp cloths that were lose and comfortable to wear and work in field while rich people were silk cloths with magnificent colors to make it fancy.

Lower class people were not allowed to wear silk clothing. The color yellow was only limited to the emperor. During Shue dynasty, the commoners were allowed to wear blue and black. After the Mongols brought cotton in China, wearing cotton cloths began from Yuan Dynasty. The fashion trends in China evolved over time though there were limited cloths in Ancient China.

Here are the 10 popular Ancient China Cloths:

1 Dragon Robe


It is considered that a dragon came from heaven in ancient time with a round collar on the right whose most buttons were yellow. That is why yellow is the color for emperors. The robe was also a daily robe for the emperors. Dragon was symbolic as it was a mix of eagle, tiger, snake and a devil.

2 Paneling Lanshan


The formal attire not worn with a crossed collar undergarment and worn by scholars and students during Ming dynasty is Paneling Lanshan.

3 Clothes for the Head (Phoenix crown, Tang Official headwear, Song official Headwear, Ming


Hats were custom codes in China. Men wore hats while women wore hair pins. It was seen on men when they reached 20 as it signified the growing up of men. The hat was also related to status as poor weren’t allowed to wear hats. But the hats were different than now. It covered only the part of the calvaria with its narrow ridge than the whole head like the modern cap. During Han Dynasty, the cap was similar to modern cap but must be matched with the head band. During Liao and Jin Dynasty, people wore fur caps.

4 The Shenyi


The scholar formal attire during the Song and Ming dynasty and court and scholar attire during Shang dynasty is a traditional Chinese men’s attire. The dress later was worn even in Korea and Japan but declined in Tang Dynasty. The upper part of the cloth was made up of 4 panel representing 4 seasons in a year. The lower is made up of 12 panel of fabric sewn representing 12 months in a year. It is made up of Ramie fabric that needs to be bleached.

5 Chang Pao


The dress is a mixture of several other dresses and is a single suit that covers most of your body from the shoulder to the ankles. The loose fitting dress was worn by men. Manchu, who travelled from the Northern China with cold winter, introduced Chang Pao. Men wrapped the sleeves up to while doing their daily chores or hunting. The horse shoe would protect their hands from the cold in winter.

6 Sheni


It is the combination of a tunic and skirt stitched together and modification of the traditional dress Pien Fu. It was a popular dress in ancient China and worn by government officials and scholars. The cuts draping, folds are similar to the traditional dress.

7 Pien Fu


The two pieces of dress with a tunic extended to knees on the top and a skirt of ankle length is a ceremonial dress called Pien Fu. It is worn in formal occasions and comes with colors that signify the many things like red was for summer, green and black were for winter. A cylindrical hat called the Pien is also worn and matched perfectly with the dress.

8 Adornment and Jewelry


The social symbol was shown by the adornment and jewelry worn. There were rules to who could wear what because social status could easily be recognized with the jewelry. Women wore combs and hairpins while men use belt hook or buckle. Ancient Chinese people use more silver and than gold and also materials like Blue Kingfisher feather, blue gems and glass. Jade was also preferred than other stones because it had human- like quality. It was hard, durable and beautiful. The Jade designs were simple in the beginning, and then with time it evolved. There are no Chinese wearing earrings because it was not preferred but amulets with commonly symbol of dragons were worn.

9 Hanfu (Traditional Han Chinese Clothing) – Xia Dynasty


Hanfu, Hanzhuang or Huafu is a unisex traditional dress of Han Chinese people. It is made up of several pieces of clothing like Yi(Unisex) : Open cross-collar garment, Pao (Men Costume) : Closed full-body garment , Ru : Open cross-collar shirt, Shan : Open cross-collar jacket that is worn over the yi, Qun or chang: Skirt for women and ku for men. Known for the crossing collar, waistband and right lapel, it is designed to be comfortable and easy. It was derived from the Book of Han. The book had ‘he (Qu Li) who came to court several times with really good dressing style.

10 Tunics like long t-shirt (Xia Dynasty)


During Xia Dynasty ( 2070- 1600 BCE), Tunic like the long and short robes were worn. Before there was no button and women and men wore it with a belt. The women wore longer ones that touched the ground while the men wore shorter ones up to their knees. Some wore an outer jacket during winter to keep themselves warm.

Perfect arsenal has been searched in the power hungry humankind where strategic planning, political ingenuity and most sophisticated warfare was the result of craved out empires. The earth has been bleeding, the only difference is the weapon used that determines the power of that nation.

Here are some modern as well as ancient weapons to make the article interesting:

1 Flaming (Fire) arrows


Specification of the Weapon

Used by: Many Ancient civilizations Configuration: Wood/steel wool
Length: No specific length
Weight:  No Specific Weight

Flaming arrows were used throughout medieval times. Romans, Assyrians, Judeans and lots of others used the flaming arrows. the fireplace arrow as thermal weapon, with rockets hooked up to arrows, were made-up by the Chinese throughout the Song dynasty. several variations of the fireplace arrows and flaming arrows were employed by the japanese and Koreans. the best of flaming arrows had oil or rosin soaked tows tied below the point. These were effective against picket structures. within the hearth arrow developed by the Chinese, explosive stuffed pouch was hooked up to the shaft of the arrow to produce propulsive force. it absolutely was launched from a platform through cylinders or boxes with as several as a thousand of them. Propelled by the explosive, the arrows may have a spread of around a thousand feet.

2 Spartion Hoplon Shield


Specification of the Weapon

Used by: Egyptian    Configuration: Bronze and Steel
Length: 7 to 9 feet
Weight:  30 lbs

The Spartan’s typically are remembered for his or her circular shields. These are referred to as Hoplon or perhaps reptile genus. These shields were created out of wood and also the outer half was coated with bronze. It weighed around thirty pounds and measured three linear unit in diameter. one in every of the distinctive options of the protect was the means it absolutely was control. The handle was at the sting of the protect supported by a animal skin strap within the center. it absolutely was this method that allowed the troopers to freely move their arms throughout battles. the scale of the protect additionally acted as a floating device. The Hoplon protect may even be used for bludgeoning and killing attributable to its weight and blunt nature. The protect was primarily for defensive purpose however was employed by the Spartans for gaining a bonus all at once.

3 Khopesh


Specification of the Weapon

Used by: Egyptian  Configuration: Bronze and Steel
Length: 50 – 60 cm
Weight:  7 lbs

The Khopesh is an edge tool blade from Ancient Egypt. Swords weren’t common in Egypt, and daggers and short swords of various varieties were usually used with the exception of the Khopesh. The Khopesh may be a thick recent formed blade.

It is around fifty to sixty centimeters long. The hook isn’t sharpened however the outer half includes a single leading edge. The weapon may even be used as a hook and a bludgeoning tool. It had been usually product of bronze and even of iron. Some Pharaohs are depicted with the Khopesh with some found in their graves.

4 Shotel


Specification of the Weapon

Used by: Ancient Ethiopian Configuration: Unknown
Length: 40 in (Blade)
Weight: Unknown

Shotel is a curved sword of 40 inches long blade that originated from Abyssinia or present day Ethiopia. This was used by mounted as well as un-mounted soldiers and the curve shape of the sword is to stab the vital organs such as kidney and lungs. It was originated during the medieval times and withstood the western influence during 19th century. It was not made to slice or cut. The blade is double edged, and has a wooden hilt piece.

5 Zhua


Specification of the Weapon

Used by: Chinese  Configuration: Iron
Length: Determined by size
Weight: Determined by size

In character in Chinese ‘Zhau’ means claw or animal feet. It is one of the most unusual weapons from Ancient China. It is looks like a claw with sharp blades at the edge and has a long handle. It is used to rip off shied and weapon of the opponent. It is also deathly enough to rip off the enemy or if used professionally, can throw them off a mounted horse. The weight of the weapon is heavy enough to kill.

6 Hypaspist


Specification of the Weapon

Used by: Indians Configuration: Steel
Length: 24 inch
Weight: 3 to 14 lbs

The weapon is 24 inches long, 3 to 14 lbs and is made from steel. Hypaspist in Greek means shield bearers. So unlike other weapons, it is not a weapon but the elite infantry soldier serving the army if Alexander the Great. A small number also served as the King’s Royal Guard. They are known for their strength, agility and courage. Argyraspids are the ones who hold silver shields and are mostly elderly warriors who honored and feared due to their skill and experience in battle.

7 Madu


Specification of the Weapon

Used by: Indians  Configuration: Steel

Length: 24 inch
Weight: 3 to 14 lbs

Also known as Maru, the ancient Indian weapon is 24 inches long, 3 to 14 lbs and made up of steel. It initially was made from the horn of black buck which points at each opposite direction joined by a crossbar that acts as handle. Among it’s different variety, a shield is added for defense.  It is believed to be originated in South Asia and started to be made from steel later on. It is used for defense but the horns can also be used to stab and thrust opponents.

8 Bagh Nakh


Specification of the Weapon

Used by: Indians  Configuration: Metal
Length: 6.6″ main claws: 1.75″ side spike
Weight: 2 oz

Bagh nakh or Bagh Nakha which means the claws of the tiger is a weapon of ancient India that is 6.6” main claw and 1.75” side spike. It is 2 oz made with metal.  The weapon was made as a replication of the natural tiger claws so, there are two holes in the weapon to insert thumb and pinky finger. There are four curved blades that slashed thorough muscles and skin. Also if a knife like weapon was also added it would be used stabbing and thrusting. Afzal Khan, one of the generals during the Moghul rule was killed by the Marathi warriors Shivaji with this weapon.

9 Shuriken


Specification of the Weapon

Used by: Japanese  Configuration: Heavy GradeSteel

Length: 2 to 21 cm (5–8 1⁄2 in)
Weight: 35 to 150 grams

The Japanese weapon often known as the ninja star is 2 to 21 cm long,, 35 to 150 grams heavy gradesteel weapon. It is used for self defense basically and is of variety of types out of which the Hira Shuriken resembles the most famous one. It is pointed with many edges and styples made from different tools like metals, coins and so on. They are sued by samurais and the effect of Shuriken was to create an attack as if made by an invisible swordsman. The weapon is vulnerable to exposed part of the body like eyes, hands, face and so on.

10 Roman Scissor


Specification of the Weapon

Used by: Roman Gladiators  Configuration: Hardened Steel

Length: 18 in
Weight: 5 Lbs

The 18 inch long, 5 lbs hardened steel Scissors used by Roman Gladiator also called scissors is an unusual weapon. It has two parts. The first is a long tube which protects the gladiator’s arm and from the end of the tube, At the end, a long cylindrical shaped pipe with crescent shaped blade is attached. This unique element separated it from other weapons and makes it well known. The Scissor gladiators fought with net weapons using Retiarius class. So, the weapon could be used to cut the nets or to slaughter opponent. The shape like the tube and nature of the weapon makes it easy to attack, block and slash the opponents.

Top 10 interesting Hindu mythology

Hindu religion dates back to 5000-10000 BC. It is the oldest religion that can be traced back to prehistoric times. Its mythology has stories; beliefs can be traced back to such old times.  It’s mythology has rich history, enigmatic characters, resounding stories and astonishingly associated with modern science. These mythologies must have gone through numerous storytelling at different time period. There are cyclic period that repeats itself after certain number of times and there are epic like Mahabharata and Ramayan too. Here are 10 interesting Hindu mythology.

1. Theory of Creation


Even inside Hindu mythology, there are various accounts for the creation of universe. The theories vary in explanation and complexity. The most popular among them is that the heighest of deity were unaware about their own presence because the existence of time. Before, there was just a black ocean that washed onto everything and no time, space or heaven.

In another assumption, it says that everything started with the enunciation of the sacred sound Oom or Aum. In Hindu scriptures, the ultimate reality or Brahma has three main functions. They are the characteristics of trinity: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. That is why in the trimurti, there are three heads of three gods in a single body where Brahma is the creator, Vishnu is the preserver and Shiva is the ultimate destroyer.

2. Gods and Goddess


Hindus worship multiple deities and they belong to a pantheon of divinities. Through various lines in sacred books, it is found that there are around 330 million gods in Hindu mythology. Each god has their own symbolism like Saraswati is the source of knowledge, Brahma is the creator of reality and the divine trinity is seen as the base for Hindu mythology. The Vedas state that there are 33 major gods and during the Upanishadic age came the transition into 300 million gods. Even though there are many god and goddesses, Hindu’s give have their primary devotion on one supreme god of which the other gods are avatars of. The prime divine is as old as the creation of earth itself.

3. The Hindu Epics


Written in poetic verses of Sanskrit, the Hindu epic was written for morals to learn and ideals to follow. The most popular among these verses were the Ramayana and Mahabharata. Ramayana is the narration of Rama story from his birth in Ayodhya to the end with his victory over Ravana, his nemesis. The epic gives moral of brotherhood and the sacrifices one has to make to defeat the ultimate evil.

The second is Mahabharata which is the longest epic ever written. It is seven times longer in length combining both Odyssey and Iliad. It was written between 400- 200 BCE and gives an insight on the rise of Hinduism. Apart from the the story of Kauravs and Pandavas, it also gives detail scripts Bhagwat Gita. It is in recital form to narrate the story of the end of great battle against bothers. Bhagwat Gita became the epitome of Hindu sacred scriptures.

4. Foundation of Hinduism


There isn’t a scared scripture or founder of Hinduism nor was it founded in a particular time. Unlike other traditional religions, it is amalgamation of different beliefs, traditions and philosophies. There are various theories that contradict with each other and hence, there are different theories as to the origin of this religion. The first mentioned texts were writing of ancient sages or Rishi but these sacred writing was orally recited.

The traces of Hindu culture can be traced back to ancient India where it was an unclear tradition without any nomenclature around 5500 BCE. The term Hindu became popular only after the Mughal ear in contemporary India. The term became popular only in the 19.20th century when British colony rapidly spread in India. Around the time of 300 VCE, the God named Shiva was worshipped in the Indus Valley as per evidences. The Mahabharata, that gave immense insight into Hindu Mythology in the form of Bhagvad Gita along with historical crucial text was also written in the period of 400 BCE and 200 CE.

5. The Vedas and Modern Science


The Vedas are the collections of hyms and religious texts written in Sanskrit scripture in regions of contemporary Indus civilization between 1500 to 1000 BCE. Scientists find a strong connection of it in modern science even though they were written in thousands of years ago.

Like the multiverse theory where the scientists put forward the idea of multiple universe. In Hindu Veda, this ‘modern’ concept is already mentioned as the existence of cyclic infinite worlds in the ancient Hindu cosmology. The Veda and Bhagwat Gita had perfect understanding of the universe. Even Einstein had said, “When I read the Bhagavad-Gita and reflect about how God created this universe everything else seems so superfluous”.

6. The Curses


There is a history of curses in Hindu mythology. The hindu gods did not curse much because they held the power to cause a lot of harm on others but there were some instances where they cursed and these are worth mentioning in the Hindu mythology.

In the epic Mahabharata, the Pandavas knew that Karna was their half brother only after killing him. This brought immense sorrow on them and Yudhisthir got so angry with his mother Kunti that he cursed that no woman shall be able to keep secret so forth.

Another curse is given to Pandu that if he approaches any woman he desires he will die on the spot.  Then there is another curse by Gandhari to Lord Krishna after math of the Mahabharata war where all 100 sons, Kauravs are killed. Krishna after defeating the Kauravs go to their mother Gandhari to consol her but she curses him that there shall be no bloodline of Krishna. Hence, slowly, Krishna’s lineage start killing each other and he also dies untimely having no one to continue the bloodline.

7. Kali Yuga


The last age in the Maha Yuga is Kali Yuga which is the current yuga. it has the shortest span of just 432,000 human years and also referred as the iron age. The humans of Kali yuga are tempted by desires and sins. They have fickle conscience and are hypocrite hand instable.

In terms of physicality and intellect, human body is in its lowest. The life span of a person is just 100 to 120 years and is just 3.5 cubit tall. It is predicted that when Kali Yuga reaches its final years, the life span of humans will be just 20 years. It is said that 5000 years of kali yuga has already passed. In this age, humans reach the zenith of materialism and they are the contrast to previous human lives where they lose the connection with their inner self.

8. Dwapar Yuga


The third age in succession is Dwapar Yuga also known as the Bronze Age. It was 864,000 human years long. This is the age when goodness and evil are equal and the people lose purity    ( satva) from their body. They gain control over their body but lose control over their intellect. When this age was at its peak, humans had lost control over their innermost knowledge and had become materialistic. Their desires were increasing but only some people could retain their intellectuality like Bhisma, Dharmaraja nd Vidhura. Those who were enormous physically had thirst for power and became obsessed with it. The life span also decreased to 1000 years.

9. Treta Yuga


Treta Youga is the second in the cycle of Maha yuga which was 1,296,000 human years long. In this age, the goodness among people during Satya Yuga had vanished and the goodness was accompanied by Tama and Rajas. Tama is the darkness in human nature and raja means passion human can conjure. They had gained intellect but lost their control over their body.

The body structure also started to shrink and was around 14 cubits tall though there were some exceptional being who had godly built structure like Rama, Laxmana, Ravana and Hanumana who were considered godlike because of their extra ordinary strength.

10. Satya Yuga


As per the Hindu mythology, the cycle of creation and destruction has four epoch or Yuga out of which, the first is Satya Yuga.  Its duration was 1,728,000 years long. It was the golden age of truth and enlightenment where people attained the idea state of their mind and their actions are always reasoned with virtuous acts. There was also flow of ideas among people.

People led life that was based on truth and everyone had acquainted the answer of the ultimate question about origin of everything. People had nothing to hide and were accessed to e very thread hence, there was no verbal communication. The people’s physiology also differed as they were 31.5 feet tall and their lifespan was more than 100 years.

Top 10 Hindu Goddess from indian myths and facts.

Hinduism has each masculine and female representative deities of the supreme power of the universe. All major deities have each male and feminine counterpart. Goddesses in Hinduism are the illustration of Sakti, the female supply of power within the universe. They’re extremely revered and powerful. They play a central role within the creation, protection, and destruction of the universe. Here is that the list of ten Hindu Goddesses that ar the supply of the ability within the Hindu faith.

1. Durga


Durga is one of the principle deity who is one of the most well-known manifestations of Shakti. She is worshipped by Hindu Devotees in Dashain/ Navaratri, one of the most important festival.  This days is also celebration of Mahisasur’s slaying by Druga. He was given the boon that only a female can kill him. He thought there was not female strong enough to kill him but Durga slayed him from her Trishul .So she is also called the slayer of Mahisasur or Mahisasur Mardini. She is shown to be riding a lion or tiger, with multiple hands one holding a trishul being stabbed on Mahisashur .She is also the representation of the feminine power and roles in the universe.

2. Parvati


Parvati, also known as Gauri is one of the three goddess of Tridevi. Parwati was the rebirth of Sati, who was once Shiva’s wife. Due to her father insulting her husband, she jumped into the fire. Later she got born to Parvat Raj Himalaya as a mortal. It took her a lot of devotion and penance to get her full power as Shakti. Parvati is the wife of shiva and mother of Ganesh and Kumar who is the caring and motherly representation of Shakti. Her vahana is depicted as the lion or tiger.

3. Lakshmi


Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, abundance, and fertility is worshiped during the festival of Deepawali, the festival of lights. Devotees clean their houses and decorate with beautiful lights and flowers because it is said that Lakshmi visits those house which is the cleanest and most beautiful. She is also one of the goddess of Tridevi and rides an owl and also a while elephant called Ariwat. She is the wife of Vishnu and reincarnates alongside her consort on earth. She does not only represent materialistic wealth but glory, joy, and honor too.

4. Saraswati


Saraswati also known as Sharada is the goddess of wisdom, music, and learning. She is the goddess of Tridevi which is the female counter part of Tridev. She is the wife of Brahma who rides in a swan or goose with veena, a musical instrument in her one of four hands. On Basantapanchami Sawaswati puja is observed where people wake up early in the morning to pay homage to Goddess Sawaswati.

5. Kali


Kali, the destroyer or the one who liberates the soul to get moksya is an incarnation of Parvati. Durga. She is the fierce representation of Shakti. She was born to defeat Raktabeech,  the demon whose boon was that each drop of his blood that drips would form a new demon. During the battle, Kali had to cut the demon and drink it’s blood filling it in a cup. Hence, she is shown as a fierce angry goddess with the garland of skulls, a knife and a bowl in her hands. While she did so, she became very angry and destructive so her husband, Shiva lay down her to control her anger. This embarrassed her and she bit her tongue realizing her mistake. Thus in the idols of Kali, she is shown biting her tongue and Shiva beneath her feet.

6. Sita

sita goddess

Sita the daughter of King Janak of Janakpur is the incarnation of Lakshmi. She is also known as Janaki from her birthplace Janaki Mandir, located at Janakpur, Nepal which is dedicated to Sita. She is the daughter of mother earth and believed to have been evolved from Bhumi. She is central character in the epic Ramayana where she goes into exile with Ram for 14 years and gets abducted by Ravan. This was the cause for the battle between Ram and Ravan. She is also remembered for Agni parikshya to prove her chastity to Ram. In Hinduism, she is the representation of feminine power and virtues.

7. Ganga


Ganga, is the daughter of Parvat Raj Himalaya or Himavan and sister to goddess Parvati. She is the river goddess and popular in Hindu mythology. She had ascended the heaven to clean the sins caused by th demon king, Tarkasur. And on the request of Shiva, she goes back to earth to rinse the sins of mankind. She was held on the hair of Shiva because Mother Earth or Bhumi Devi would not be able to withstand the fall of Ganga from heaven. Still today, devotees dip in Ganga to rinse their sins.

8. Tulsi


Tulsi is respected and worshipped in the form of a basil plant. The plant has mythological as well as medicinal importance in Hinduism. The story of Tulsi is often related with Vrinda and Jalandhar. Jalandhar was born from the third eye of Shiva. He had become very powerful because of his wife’s devotion towards Vishnu. This had threatened the existence of God. So, Vishnu decided to take the form of Jalandhar and go to Vrinda to kill Jalandhar and save the world from his wrath. This caused Vrinda to cause infidelity towards her husband and JAlandhar also lost the power he had caused by the devotion of his wife. Upon knowing that it was Vishnu, she cursed him to be born as a stone which is Shaligram. She also throws herself onto the pyre and gets born as Tulsi.

9. Kamadhenu


Kamadhenu’s iconography is described as the body of a cow and head of a woman. She is the mother of all cows and the goddess of plenty. Kamadhenu emerged the while the great Samudra Manthan was the churning of the great oceans together by the Asuras and the Devas. Cow in Hinduism is sacred because of her. Each part of her body carries symbolic importance. Like her four legs are the four Veda’s, the horns are gods and humps stand for Himalaya. Cows are also worshipped as the mother of the earth as milk nourishes human life.  Kamadhenu  can fulfill the wishes of devotee is the wish is a true wish.

10. Radha


Radha, also known as Radhika or Radharani is the companion and friend of Krishna. It is believed that Radha and Krishna are incomplete without each other. She is the divine power and Shakti. Even though Rukmini, the wife of Krishna is the incarnation of Lakshmi, Radha is regarded as higher. She is known for her immense devotion towards Krishna.It shows the yearning of every follower to be united with the supreme. It’s through the ability of her devotion she was ready to deliver the goods and outstanding a divinity and was worshiped by an oversized variety of devotees.

Top 10 Main Hindu Gods Praised Around the World

Religion is an expression for humans to understand the surrounding, karma, existence and time. It is to understand the larger universe. That is the tentative conclusion of why religion was formed and the attachment to the supreme being. Hinduism is the third largest and one of the oldest religions. Several god and goddesses are worshipped in Hindu religion which number is not definite. Even though the number is so large, it is believe that the worshippers are worshipping one particular Supreme Being.

1. Shiva


Mahesh, poupularly known as Shiva, Ashutosh, Mahadev is the destroyer of the universe. He is also one of the trinity gods of Hinduism but the only one who lives I earth, in the mountain of Kailash. He is shown as a Yogi, loving husband, father in the beginning but he is also a ferocious god who slays demons and asurs.  He is the guardian god of meditation, yoga and arts. Shiva is decorated with Ganga, the sacred river and Chandra,the serene moon on his head. Shiva is worshipped in the form of Lingam and is said to be a very simple god.

2. Brahma


Brahma, the four headed hindu god is one of the trinity gods of Hinduism. He is the creator of the universe and his four heads represents four directions. But Bramha is believed to have five heads out of which one was cut by Shiva because of Bramha’s pride. He is the creator who evolved from the lotus flower from the navel of Vishnu. His vahan is swan/goose and he lives in Brahmaloka.

3. Vishnu


Vishnu, also known by the names of Narayan, Hari is the protector of the universe. He is one of the trinity gods of Hinduism;Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh. He is famous for his incarnation and has incarnated nine times to protect the universe from evil power to prevail peace and order. The tenth incarnation if Kalki who is believed to arrive close to the end of the world.Vishnu is believed to have been asleep in a vast sea of nothingness before the universe was created. He resides in Vishnuloka and rides mythological bird,Garuda.

4. Ganesh


Ganesh, the son of Shiva and Parvati and the younger brother of Kumar is one of the most important deities of Hinduism and worshipped first during any ritual or puja. The elephant god once had human head. But once during misunderstanding, Shiva cut off Ganesh’s head unknown of the fact that he was his own son. Later his body was attached with an elephant’s head. Also he was granted the power to be worshipped first in any ritual. He rides mushak ‘mouse’ and is associated with mangal or good luck.

5. Krishna


Raised by his Yashoda and Nanda in Gokul, his foster parents, Krishna is the eighth incarnation of Vishnu. His is also known as Shri Krishna, Vasudeva, Govinda, Gopal, Madhusudan. He was kept away to protect him from his uncle Kansa, King of Mathura because Krishna was destined to kill his uncle due to his cruel nature. His real parents were Basudev and Devaki. Krishna is a philosopher and warrior in Hinduism. To mark his birth, the festival Krishna Janmastami is celebrated and he is also one of the central figures in the epic Mahabharata. Krishna had vowed to use any weapon but agreed to be a chariot rider of Arjuna. Krishna also helped Arjuna by providing him with knowledge of Gita when in the battle of Kurushetra when Arjuna was faced with a dilemma of fighting against his kinsmen.

6. Ram


Ram, the seventh incarnation of Vishnu is also known by the names of Ramchandra/Rama. He is the ruler of Ayodhya Kingdom and the eldest son of Kaushalya and Dasharatha. On the occasion of his birth day, the festival of Ram Nawami is celebrated. He is the protagonist of  Ramayana. One of his step mothers, Kaikeyi, exiled him so that her son could be the king. Ram went on the exile for 14 years with his wife and brother. During the exile, Ravan, King of Lanka abducted Sita because of evil desires. This led to war where Ram defeated Ravan.

7. Hanuman


The son of the air diety, Pawan/ Vayu is Hanuman who is one among the eight immortals known as astachiranjiwi. Once, when hanuman was young, he tried to swallow the sun and his powers were restricted because of his mischievous act until he met Ram. After he met Ram, he became his faithful devotee and also played important role in Ramayana. He is Ram’s strongest alley and devotee. He is remembered for burning down Ravan’s kingdom, lanka and carrying an entire mountain of sanjiwani buti to save Ram’s brother Laxman. He is thus, a symbol of power of devotion.

8. Kumar Kartikeya


The eldest son of Shiva and Parvati, Kumar, also known as Kumar Kartikeya or Kartikeya is a warrior god of Hinduism who rides on a peacock. He was raise far away from his parents by the Kritikas to protect him from the attacks of the demon Tarkasur because his life objective was to kill the demon. When Kumar got his powers, he was appointed as the commander in chief of the devas in the battle against Tarkasur. He is offered to be King of Deva because of his courage and skill but he felt the role of him as commander in chief is more important.

9. Harihara


‘Hari’ is Vishnu and ‘Hara’ is Shiva. Harihara is the combination of the supreme deities of Hinduism.  Due to this, Harihar is worshipped by the devotees of both the gods. He is the representation of equivalence of all gods as the supreme power in the universe. Harihar is shown in two halves where in one, Shiva is holding trishul, drum and deer while Vishnu in the other half has conch shell and chakra.

10. Indra


The son of Aditi and son of sage Kashyap, is he leaders of devas. He is the king of heaven and god of rain. His vehicle (vahan) is Airavat, an auspicious white elephant and chariot drawn by ten thousand horses.  Indra is one of the most important deities in the sky whose weapon is vajra. He stands for courage and strength but is also a cunning god who sends asurs in the way of devotees to ruin the effort of worshipping other gods and please other gods in heaven.


The power of Hindu Gods may vary as per their role like the trinity; creator, protector and destroyer are very famous. Every God has his own role and responsibility. Through the role of different god can be important in different places, they play an important role in the universe.

List of Ancient Greek Statues

Ancient Greek art has had a tremendous impact on the civilizations from all across the world from olden days until today, especially in the facets of sculpture, painting and architecture. According to the historians, Greek art history is something that was shaped in the Greek-speaking regions around 1000 BC to 100 BC. They often don’t include the artworks of the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations, which blossomed around 1500 to 1200 BC.

Although these civilizations were amongst the Greek-speaking cultures, you will hardly find any coherence between the artworks of the ancient Greeks and these people. The richest civilization in the ancient world in terms of its art and architecture – Greece had a number of magnificent sculptors and painters. Those ancient Greek sculptors and painters were actually the craftsmen who mastered their work apprenticed with their fathers. They used to be hired by rich patrons.

Even though some of them got to be admired and well-known, they were still not in the social position as other dramatists or poets. It was only after the Hellenistic period that artists got a social recognition.From gods and goddesses to the victorious emperors, ancient Greek arts have always portrayed their imperial, stunning and vibrant illustrations with elegance that no other civilizations in the ancient world could impersonate.

Here’s a list of Top 20 timeless works of Ancient Greek art.

1 Lacoon and His Sons

Lacoon and His Sons

 This Greek statue is currently located at the Vatican Museum in Rome. Initially brought to life by the three great Greek sculptors from the island of Polydorus, Rhodes and Agesander; this piece of art features Lacoon and his sons, also also referred to as the Lacoon Group. The statue is made from marbles and portrays Lacoon – a Trojan priest, along with sons Antiphantes and Thymbraeus.

 2 Colossus of Rhodes

Colossus of Rhodes

Around 292 BC to 280 BC, a guy named Chares of Lindos first erected the statue of the Greek Titan named Helios in the city of Rhode. The statue was actually crafted to pay tribute to Rhodes’ victory over the ruler of Cyprus in the 2nd century. Also known as the tallest statue of the Ancient Greece, this piece of art is still regarded as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The original statue however was shattered by a deadly earthquake in 226 B.C.

3 The Discus Thrower of Myron

greek artifacts The Discus Thrower of Myron

 Myron, The Discus Thrower was a statue built in 5th century by one of the finest statue makers of Ancient Greece. It was at first located at the entrance of the Panathinaikon Stadium in Athens in 1896 during the first Olympic Games event. The classic statue was made of alabaster stone.

 4 Diadoumenos


 Diadoumenos was built around 5th century. It’s an incredible piece of ancient Greek sculpture restored from the island of Delos. The statue is now among the list of art collections of the National Archaeological Museum in Athens.

5 Trojan Horse

Ancient greek art Trojan Horse

 Representing the Trojan Horse in Homer’s Iliad, this Ancient Greek sculpture was constructed around 470 BC to 460 BC. The timeless piece of art is layered with a unique archaic bronze patina and entirely made up of bonded marble. Unlike other sculpture, this masterpiece somehow made it through the destruction of the Ancient Greece. You can currently witness it at the Archaeological Museum of Olympia, Greece.

 6 Aphrodite of Knidos

Aphrodite of Knidos

 Aphrodite of Knidos was the very first full-size depiction of the undressed Aphrodite. The statue is supposed to be probably one of the most well-known sculptures built by the ancient Greek sculptor Praxiteles. This masterpiece is a huge attraction for tourists in Greece in spite of its cult image. Even though the original piece didn’t live through an immense fire that once occurred in the Ancient Greece, the British museum displays its replica even today.

7 Winged Victory of Samothrace

Ancient Greek arts Winged Victory of Samothrace

 The Winged Victory of Samothrace was built around 200 B.C to 190 B.C. not exactly to as an honor to the Greek goddess Nike, but to pay tribute to an ocean battle. The marble sculpture portraying the Greek goddess Nike is widely seen as the most significant work of genius of Hellenistic sculpture. You can get its view at Louvre Museum in Paris, France.

See Also,
Top 10 famous ancient roman paintings Arts

8 King Leonidas I at Thermoplylae

King Leonidas I at Thermoplylae

 Back in 1955, King Paul of Greece built the statue of the Spartan king at Thermopylae for the first time in a good memory of King Leonidas I, who had shown a great courage throughout the Battle against the Persians in 480 BC. There was a mark under the statue, which read, “Come and Take”. These were the actual words of concern that Leonidas blundered out when King Xerxes and his military made them drop their arms.

 9 Achilles Wounded

Ancient Art Achilles Wounded

 The masterpiece of Achilles Wounded is actually a representation of the Iliad hero called Achilles. This ancient Greek artwork reflects his torment during death once becoming wounded by a deadly arrow. The statue was made up of alabaster stone. If you want to take a look at it now, you can visit the Achilleion Residence of Queen Elizabeth of Austria in Cofu, Greece.

 10 Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great

 The statue of Alexander the Great was layered with marble patina and composed of bonded marble, the statue of Alexander the Great was constructed in 280 BC to memorialize the renowned Greek hero – Alexander the Great. The statue was spotted deep within the Pella Palace in Greece. Alexander took over various nations and led wars against Persian militaries, especially in Issus, Gaugamela and Granicus. The statue is now at the Archaeological Museum of Pella in Greece.

 11 Peplos Kore

Peplos Kore greece

 Peplos Kore is a conventionalized figure of the Greek goddess Athena. Historians assume that the statue was made to be the consecrated offering throughout the ancient times. Designed in the Archaic era of Greek history, Peplos Kore is seen as a firm and conventional pose of Athena, her archaic smile and magnificent hair. The Greek artwork was restored from the Athenian Acropolis.

 12 The Ephebe of Antikythera

The Ephebe of Antikythera

 The Ephebe of Antikythera is a statue made of fine bronze. It reflects a picture of a young man carrying a round shape object on his right hand. The statue was restored close to the island of Antikythera and is known to be one of the artworks of the renowned sculptor Euphranor.

13 Charioteer of Delphi

Charioteer of Delphi

The Charioteer of Delphi is often referred to as Heniokhos. It is one of those statues that made it through the Ancient Greece. The bronze statue was found out in 1896 inside a Sanctuary of Apollo in Dephi, whcich is the same place where it was actually built in the 4th century to honor the success of a chariot crew in an ancient Pythian game. You can check out this work of genius at the Dephi Archaeological Museum.

14 Harmodius and Aristogeiton

greek sculptures Harmodius and Aristogeiton

It was in 509 A.D, the statue of Harmodius and Aristogeiton was first erected in the ancient Greece. Right after the establishment of democracy in Greece, a Greek sculptor named Antenor built the statue from bronze which was actually the first statue to be built from

public funds. The statue was created to honor men from the ancient Greece who were viewed as the greatest symbols of their democracy.

 15 AntinousMondragone

Antinous Mondragone

 The statue of AntinousMondragone has a height of 0.95-meter. It was made of marble has to idolize Antinous as a Greek god. It was discovered at Frascati in the 17th century. When people found it out, they recognized it as the god Antinous by his serious expression, a twisted head and striated eyebrows. The statue is currently displayed at the Louvre Museum.

16 Strangford Apollo from Anafi

Strangford Apollo from Anafi

 Strangford Apollo from Anafi is an ancient Greek kouros sculpture made of marble to honor the Greek god Apollo. It was constructed around 500 BC to 490 BC. The statue was found on the island of Anafi. Currently, it is up for exhibition in the 15th room of the British Museum.

17 Anavyssos Kouros

Anavyssos Kouros

 AnavyssosKouros was found in Anavyssos in Attica. The statue has been most memorable because of its archaic look. Positioned at 1.95 meters high, AnavyssosKouros is actually an erected sculpture constructed around 540 BC to 515 BC. Currently, AnavyssosKouros can be witnessed at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens.

18 Biton and Kleobis

Biton and Kleobis

‘Biton and Kleobis’ is a pair of archaic Greek statues built by Greek sculptor Polymides of Argos. The two statues were discovered in Delphi with letterings on their bottom distinguishing both the figures as Kleobis and Biton. Today, we can witness this amazing piece of artwork inside the Delphi Archaeological Museum in Greece.

19 Hermes of Praxiteles

greek art Hermes of Praxiteles

Hermes of Praxiteles portrays Hermes carrying the infant Dionysus – another renowned character in Greek mythology. Constructed honoring the Greek god Hermes, the statue was made of Parian marble and is supposed to have the ancient Greeks in 330 BC. The most classic masterpiece of the great Greek sculptor Praxiteles is at present situated in the Archaeological Museum of Olympia in Greece.

20 Lady of Auxerre

Lady of Auxerre

The statue of Lady of Auxerre portrays an archaic Greek goddess Persephone from the 6th century. It’s a Cretan sculpture located currently at the Louvre Museum in Paris. In 1907, a curator named MaximeCollignon discovered this statue inside a storage vault in the Museum of Auxerre. Most people assume that the statue was built in the 7th century, as Greece was progressing from its Dark Age.